A Complete Guide For Cloud Computing Architecture
In layman’s language, cloud computing refers to the process of storing data, accessing them, and other types of computing services online. The process doesn’t include storing any data on the user’s device.
Cloud computing makes use of online serves, data centers, and networking databases to safely keep the data for future use. Some examples of cloud computing services are Google Cloud, Azure, and others.
Users and industry experts call it CLOUD because network engineers use the term to indicate its cross-network availability across network devices irrespective of your geographical location. The network design often resembles the structure of a real cloud.
Today, several entrepreneurs and firm owners store a humongous amount of data in their separate data servers. But every firm can’t do so. It requires a lot of money and technical expertise to own and maintain a separate server or online database.
In such a scenario, cloud computing helps these entrepreneurs store their data online at less cost. Users don’t need to invest in hardware or software to get avail of cloud computing services. They can obtain the same using any cloud computing systems interface software like web browsers.
[Read more: The Perks of Data Storage in the Cloud]
How Does Cloud Computing Help You?
- The cloud computing architecture is 100% safe and secured. The firms that maintain cloud computing infrastructure are usually global IT giants with a massive network of system engineers and cloud computing professionals. They fix any technical flaws and errors to facilitate uninterrupted services to their clients.
- Cloud computing offers you all essential data storage services and facilities at less cost. Millions of small and large businesses use cloud computing for its cost-saving benefits.
- IT firms can outsource their technical expertise and offer the same to their clients through cloud computing. Even smaller firms can hire these services at a far lesser cost than appointing IT personnel at their offices.
Other Key Benefits of Cloud Computing
- Flawless speed.
- Enhances office efficiency.
- No maintenance problem.
- Auto software updates.
- Data backup and recovery option.
Cloud Computing: Categories And Types
Public Cloud: Mostly, public cloud includes government sites and those that are operated and maintained by them. Here government owns the computing resources and updates the same.
Private Cloud: Unlike the public cloud, where computing resources are owned by a particular firm or organization. Firms use the private cloud for their intra-business operations.
Hybrid Cloud: Both B2B firms and B2C enterprises can use the Hybrid cloud to make use of the benefits of cloud computing resources offered by both private and public cloud.
Cloud Computing Architecture
Now that you have already understood that cloud computing services can be accessed by its clients from anywhere and anytime as per their needs using internet connections.
Let’s now understand the meaning of cloud computing architecture.
Cloud computing architecture is an umbrella term as it represents all those elements, which form the core of cloud computing.
Broadly speaking, the cloud computing architecture is categorized into two parts: Front End and Back End.
Front End: It includes all those internet tools and devices, including apps and mobile software tools that help you in getting access to cloud computing platforms.
Internet browsers like Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, and Brave browser come under this category.
Back End: Back end is exclusively reserved for cloud computing service providers. Only they can maintain, update or improve cloud computing services. It includes data storage, online security, online traffic control, and other technical matters.
Three Key Aspects of Cloud Computing Architecture
Services: Cloud computing offers various services, including SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS. We will briefly these terms in the below paragraphs.
Client Infrastructure: It refers to GUI or Graphical User Interface through which the client interacts with the cloud.
Application: It refers to any software or online tools that the client wants to access from their online internet web or mobile browser.
Cloud Computing—Major Services and their Types
Software as a Service (SaaS) – It is the most popular cloud computing service with millions of customers across the globe. Through SaaS, the client can actually work online without any need to download and install the same. For eg: Hubspot, CISCO, and Google among others.
Platform as a Service (PaaS) – PaaS is also similar to SaaS in many respects, but the client has to provide a platform for software development under PaaS. You can’t use PaaS online like SaaS. You must use it as a platform to obtain its services. For eg: Magento, Windows Azure, and others.
[Read more: What is Grid Computing and How Does it Work?]
Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS): When you work on IaaS, you can easily manage application data and runtime environment using the same. Usually, people with deeper technical knowledge go for it. For eg: CISCO Metapod, Google Compute Engine (GCE), and Amazon Web Services (AWS) among others.
In short, cloud computing consists of hardware and software like storage devices, network tools, servers, and virtualization software. All these tools are necessary for the smooth functioning of cloud computing services.
Cloud computing architecture refers to parts and software tools through which cloud computing services are facilitated to clients. Some other key components of cloud computing with their round-the-clock requirements are online security patches to enough maximum protection of data storage.
The Internet also plays a key role as it helps the front end and back end communicate with each other for any help or getting access to stored data online.
FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
Is cloud computing architecture safe and secured?
Yes. Safety is paramount when it comes to cloud computing. Since cloud computing services are managed and offered by IT giants, they safely store all data in a highly secured manner.
In rare cases, data leaks are possible especially when users don’t follow certain online safety guidelines or their passwords are hacked.
Do we have to pay anything to obtain cloud computing services?
Yes. For obtaining premium cloud computing services, we have to pay subscription charges to the company.
What are the different phases of Cloud Computing Architecture?
There are four stages of cloud computing architecture: Launch Stage, Monitor Phase, Shutdown Phase, Closing Stage.
Note: We’re looking for contributors or experts on Cloud Computing write for us, who are interested in contributing articles on cloud computing related topics for our blog.