ISO: Full Form | International Organization for Standardization | New Updates-2021
The initials ISO stands for its full form of International Organization for Standardization which is an independent global body not attached to any government or country of the world.
ISO, a non-profit and international federation of national standards bodies, develops and publishes international standards for various products and services.
A product or service having the ISO Registration or Certification enjoys global recognition as something universally accepted encompassing all global standard norms.
The headquarters of ISO is located in Geneva in Switzerland. The ISO has three official languages which are English, French, and Russian.
ISO is now 74 years old. It was founded in February 1947. In 1946, just one year after World War-II, the delegates from 25 countries met at the Institute of civil engineers in London to decide to establish an international organization to facilitate the international coordination and unification of industrial standards.
ISO Certified Products Enjoy Goodwill of People
A market is flooded with a particular product or service offered by different companies. However, an international stamp with a certificate of being one of the best in the market creates public goodwill and acceptance in the market.
Thus, ISO denotes the best product specification in the market. That is why the ISO certified products or services bearing the ISO marks are always preferred by the buyers as they know such a product is totally reliable. Thus, ISO is a quality assurance mark accepted globally.
ISO encompasses almost all sectors of production and services. It has, so far, published 19500 international standards.
Different specifications or Standards of ISO
The ISO is applicable in a wide array of services and goods including pharmaceuticals. It has eight major categories. They are:
- ISO 9000: Quality management.
- ISO 10012: Measure management.
- ISO 14000: Environmental management.
- ISO 19011: Audit management system.
- ISO 2768-1: Standard for general tolerance.
- ISO 31000: Risk management.
- ISO 50001: Energy management.
- ISO 4217: Standardization of currency codes.
ISO regularly carries out its Surveillance Audits to check whether a company or organization is strictly adhering to its set or standardized quality norms or not. It thus acts as international regulations to ensure standards of services and goods.
Due to ISO, the global standard in almost all services and commodities are maintained thus ensuring the consumer rights of the people and also maintaining the quality standard. Due to the ISO mark, a company or organization will always adhere to the exact specification of the service and product mentioned by it in is product or service profile.
FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
Does a company have to apply to obtain the certification of ISO for its products and services?
Answer: Yes! A company has to apply for it. Subsequently, its product and/or service would be checked by the ISO team. Since the ISO means the product or service is best in their respective areas, obtaining such certification means the product is standardized or one of the best in the international meeting all requirements of the ISO.
Where is the headquarters of ISO located?
Answer: The headquarters of ISO is located in Geneva in Switzerland. It, however, has branches or country offices in almost all countries of the world.
What is the official language of ISO?
Answer: The ISO has three official languages which are English, French, and Russian.
Since when ISO has started functioning?
Answer: ISO, now 74 years old, was founded in February 1947. In 1946, the delegates from 25 countries met at the Institute of civil engineers in London to decide to establish an international organization to facilitate the international coordination and unification of industrial standards.
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